IBM’s Qiskit is an open-source framework for quantum computation, ranging from high-level algorithms to low-level circuit representations, simulation and access to the IBMQ Experience devices.

pytket-qiskit is an extension to pytket that allows pytket circuits to be run on IBM backends and simulators, as well as conversion to and from Qiskit representations.

pytket-qiskit is available for Python 3.10, 3.11 and 3.12, on Linux, MacOS and Windows. To install, run:

pip install pytket-qiskit

This will install pytket if it isn’t already installed, and add new classes and methods into the pytket.extensions namespace.

Available IBM Backends


A backend for running circuits on remote IBMQ devices.


A backend which uses the AerBackend to loaclly emulate the behaviour of IBMQBackend.


Backend for running simulations on the Qiskit Aer QASM simulator.


Backend for running simulations on the Qiskit Aer Statevector simulator.


Backend for running simulations on the Qiskit Aer Unitary simulator.

An example using the shots-based AerBackend simulator is shown below.

from pytket.extensions.qiskit import AerBackend
from pytket import Circuit

backend = AerBackend()
circ = Circuit(2).H(0).CX(0, 1).measure_all()

# Compilation not needed here as both H and CX are supported gates
result = backend.run_circuit(circ, n_shots=1000)

This simulator supports a large set of gates and by default has no architectural constraints or quantum noise. However the user can pass in a noise model or custom architecture to more closely model a real quantum device.

The AerBackend also supports GPU simulation which can be configured as follows.

from pytket.extensions.qiskit import AerBackend

backend = AerBackend()
backend._qiskit_backend.set_option("device", "GPU")


Making use of GPU simulation requires the qiskit-aer-gpu package. This can be installed with the command

pip install qiskit-aer-gpu

Access and Credentials

With the exception of the Aer simulators, accessing devices and simulators through the pytket-qiskit extension requires an IBM account. An account can be set up here:

Once you have created an account you can obtain an API token which you can use to configure your credentials locally.

In this section we are assuming that you have set the following variables with the corresponding values:

# Replace the placeholders with your actual values
ibm_token = '<your_ibm_token_here>'
hub = '<your_hub_here>'
group = '<your_group_here>'
project = '<your_project_here>'


Method 1: Using QiskitRuntimeService

You can use the following qiskit commands to save your IBM credentials to disk:

from qiskit_ibm_runtime import QiskitRuntimeService

QiskitRuntimeService.save_account(channel="ibm_quantum", token=ibm_token, instance=my_instance)

To see which devices you can access you can use the available_devices method on the IBMQBackend. Note that it is possible to pass an optional instance argument to this method. This allows you to see which IBM devices are accessible with your credentials.

from pytket.extensions.qiskit import IBMQBackend

backend = IBMQBackend("ibm_kyiv") # Initialise backend for an IBM device

backendinfo_list = backend.available_devices(instance=my_instance)
print([backend.device_name for backend in backendinfo_list])

For more information see the documentation for qiskit-ibm-runtime <>.

Method 2: Saving credentials in a local pytket config file

Alternatively, you can store your credentials in local pytket config using the set_ibmq_config() method.

from pytket.extensions.qiskit import set_ibmq_config


After saving your credentials you can access pytket-qiskit backend repeatedly without having to re-initialise your credentials.

If you are a member of an IBM hub then you can add this information to set_ibmq_config as well.

from pytket.extensions.qiskit import set_ibmq_config

set_ibmq_config(ibmq_api_token=ibm_token, instance=f"{hub}/{group}/{project}")


Holds config parameters for pytket-qiskit.


Set default values for any of hub, group, project or API token for your IBMQ provider.

Converting circuits between pytket and qiskit

Users may wish to port quantum circuits between pytket and qiskit. This allows the features of both libraries to be used. For instance those familiar with qiskit may wish to convert their circuits to pytket and use the available compilation passes to optimise circuits.


Converts a qiskit qiskit.QuantumCircuit to a pytket Circuit.


Converts a pytket Circuit to a qiskit qiskit.QuantumCircuit.

Default Compilation

Every Backend in pytket has its own default_compilation_pass method. This method applies a sequence of optimisations to a circuit depending on the value of an optimisation_level parameter. This default compilation will ensure that the circuit meets all the constraints required to run on the Backend. The passes applied by different levels of optimisation are specified in the table below.

Default compilation pass for the IBMQBackend and IBMQEmulatorBackend

optimisation_level = 0

optimisation_level = 1

optimisation_level = 2 [1]




self.rebase_pass [2]



CXMappingPass [3]

CXMappingPass [3]

CXMappingPass [3]




self.rebase_pass [2]




self.rebase_pass [2]




self.rebase_pass [2]


  • [1] If no value is specified then optimisation_level defaults to a value of 2.

  • [2] self.rebase_pass is a rebase to the gateset supported by the backend. For IBM quantum devices and emulators that is either {X, SX, Rz, CX} or {X, SX, Rz, ECR}. The more idealised Aer simulators have a much broader range of supported gates.

  • [3] Here CXMappingPass maps program qubits to the architecture using a NoiseAwarePlacement

Note: The default_compilation_pass for AerBackend is the same as above.

Noise Modelling


Stores various parameters for modelling crosstalk noise

Using TKET directly on qiskit circuits

For usage of TketBackend see the qiskit integration notebook example.


Wraps a Backend as a qiskit.providers.BaseBackend for use within the Qiskit software stack.


The tket compiler to be plugged in to the Qiskit compilation sequence


The tket compiler to be plugged in to the Qiskit compilation sequence


TketJob wraps a ResultHandle list as a qiskit.providers.JobV1